SHIP WRECKS OF SARDINIA
Sardinia is a country preferred by millions of people as a holidays target, is also in the sense of many well-known diving competitions. The motives of this success are clear;die morphology are very different and form a contrast of the coasts, the immovable frame and its long beautiful beaches, set in beads in the semerald-green gleam, here is the sea still very rich of life: the sponges and the gorgonies form a carpet at its walls, groupers, moraines, octopus and in the season populate the fast robbers the spaces, during in darken for storages quite small and colored "Nudibranchi", transparent shrimps and indescribable cancers hide themselves. This liquid surface hides valuable and sparkling jewleries in its antinode bulge innumerable: We speak of sunk wrecks, fantasmn in the course of the years, often centuries ago. There are many in Sardinia, but if one liked to remain in a limited space, if you are diving in the gulf of Cagliari, or going then toward Teulada.
One meets a cargo ship, into only 18 meters of depth, the remnand of the ENTELLA, ISONZO, a warship approx. 56 meters; EGLE, sink of a submarine during the Second World War; ROMAGNA, admits for its large sea-eels, which inhabit the hull; DINO, before approx. 20 years the italian ship sunk into stormy sea. Many motives for an underwater photographer, who can play with the back lights, which form between the steel hawsers and the fish, which often approximate and hope on bitebite bites. Now, here is our small leader, that in-vites you to an attendance into this world of the witnesses of a past always misteriosly.
We begin our journey under the wrecks of Sardinia with something simple, but in each case very beautifully, the Entella. It was a freighter, which transported coal and by an English submarine 1943 was sunk. Beautiful history, the submarine's one, which in only one year of war and in a small sea paragraph, as that of the gulf of Cagliari brought immense losses. But we turn back to us and the Entella; approx. 30 meters long and in the post-war period very destroyed, it was taken apart piece for piece.
Therefore a ship school of the skin divers of the first generation, in addition, for the beginners in a depth of 15 meters and who begins with that snorkels. Upright it is situated on sand. From this the always good view and always clear water follow: optimal conditions. Perhaps only a little cold: the water temperature oscillates from 12 to 18 degrees. But almost there are never currents, and if there are, not too strongly, only with Scirocco and mistral hoists. And a further large advantage that the wreck is only 5 minutes with the boat of the beach in Solanas (starting point for this diving route). Let's talk about fish: Not very much is to be found, but you can find quite Saraghi, Trigle, Nudibranchi, octopus eggs. And at night, the surprise: Alica mirabilis, in its whole splendour unfolds.
gulf of Cagliari, Solanas
wreck:Freighter, transported coal. The wreck is rather destroyed. It is in upright position on sandig, stony background.
Depth: 15 meters of
water temperature: 12 to 18 degrees
currents: not strongly
diving: on the Entella you find each type of underwater life and it is a optimal workstation for the diving photography. A night diving course is recommended, with which the Alica mirabilis can be seen.
Distance from the coast: approx. 100 meters
We began with the hors-d'oeuvre the Entella and are going immediately to ISONZO to the first plate of the meal. The large warship (approx. 80 m) has the same past of the Entella and the Romagna behind. It was sunk by the same English submarine in the gulf of Cagliari. The diving course is here somewhat more complex, since the wreck is in a depth of 56 meters, a place with strong currents very often.
But the view is indescribable: there are days by those starting from 15 to 20 meters underneath the water surface can detect the outlines of the ship. That depends on the currents. The stay is safe if the mistral and the scirocco wind. We find the currents in 20 to 25 meters of depth, then no more. So you have the account and the desire to dive deeper and you can be sure, once at the wreck concerned to be able to further execute a calm normal diving course without currents. In any case you should be an experienced diver, in order to execute a diving course of this type, also because a long decompression must be made. The base of the Isonzo is on 56 meters of depth on sandy ground, but starting from 45 meters one sees already very much. A roundabout of a few fish frequent this wreck. If one dives into the engine room (under largest caution) begins the show: moved fish masses and clouds, and the diver... an unforgettable experience. And to the end information: the ship wreck is characterized by a buoy, whose attachment line can be used also very well for the decompression.
place: gulf of Cagliari, Torre delle Stelle
wreck: large warship 1943 sinks, being on the page on sandy ground.
Depth: 56 meters
Water temperature: 10 to 14 degrees
currents: strong currents, from 0 to 30 meters with muck ral and Sciroccowind.
Diving: One can dive into the engine room under largest caution. Two cannons and machine guns are on the deck.
Distance from the coast: 1.5 miles.
Carring on our underwater expedition on the hunt for ship wrecks in the gulf of Cagliari with the EGLE. Also this ship was sunk by the same English submarine, which had already some in front of its cannons. The Egle was a cargo ship and had loaded coal, on this refers at least the remnants, but this is not safe. It was armed with self-defense weapons, which were not sufficient in this case. In case of the heavy gun-fire it is very destroyed, but it is nevertheless an object valuable for exciting diving excursion. One can dive in very simply way at the side of the trunk, inside it, however with largest caution. These are recommendations, which should be absolutely kept. And this wreck is in a good fishing zone covered with nets the most dangerous at all for a diver at wrecks. But one does not have problems with currents and it prevails a outstanding view. It is a rich fish area, and there is available many fish, which impress the underwater photographer for sure. Attention, some fish was already observed, when they attacked divers, which simply went too close to it near-dared themselves. Proseguiamo la nostra esplorazione subacquea a caccia di relitti nel Golfo di Cagliari con l`Egle.
place: gulf of Cagliari Capo Boi
wreck: Freighter sinks of an English submarine. It is in upright position on sandy seaground.
Depth: 36 meters
diving: The wreck is very destroyed, but between the steel hawsers one finds many interesting things. One can dive into the hull of the wreck.
Water temperature: 10 to 15 degrees
currents: Not very strongly with mistral and Scirocco wind.
Distance from the coast: approx. 2 miles
besides we find us here in a zone, in which diving is forbidden. Therefore you need to consult the local diving center, which have a special permission.
We are in Capitana, still in the gulf of Cagliari, over to dive down to a very beautiful wreck in this zone, the ROMAGNA. Unfortunately also the Romagna finished as the other ships Entella, Isonzo and the Egle, and it sunk by the famous english submarine 1943. The trunk broke into two sections, and today the bug of the ship is situated approx. one mile away from the trunk and offers thereby another dipping target. The loading of the Romagna was gasoline and weapons, it was equipped with light weapons for self-defense. When the crew of the ship noticed, to be sought out and pursued by the Englishmen, they tried to bring the ship in security by escape. This didn't succeed however, when it was done the ship broke into two sections and the bug sank immediately, the remaining part of the ship swam still on the water to the place where it sunk and situated today. With a length of approx. 50 meters it is in a depth from approximately 34 to 42 meters in upright Position, not destroyed, i.e. kept still good. One can dive into the engine room and other areas of the trunk (with largest precaution) and finds practically all sea animals and many fishshoals also here. With much luck one meets also Delfines. In the trunk inside are still boots and other articles of equipment of the crew. An indescribable dipping.
place: gulf of Cagliari, Capitana
wreck: The Romagna was loaded with weapons as supply. It is on sandy sea-ground in upright position.
Depth: 34 to 42 meters
currents: Strongly with mistral and sciroccowind
water temperature: 10 to 15 degrees
diving: very good conditions, the large bug is missing , one can dive into the wreck inside, very rich of sea animals.
ROMAGNA(THE BUG)we going to investigate the bug of the Romagna. As said before already, is it one mile away from the other part of the ship. Here we are deeper, on approx. 45 meters. The diving course is something more complex thereby, but nothing is impossible. Strong currents are only with mistral wind and the sandy sea-ground whirls up much mud and worsen the clearly view. If one expects the wreck section achieved a wealth of various fish shoals, crustaceans, one believes to dive in the Caribbean sea, but don't know where to look. ROMAGNA
place: gulf of Cagliari, Capitana
wreck: The bug is approx. a mile of mainhurries the wreck far away.
Depth: 45 meters
diving: the wreck section is surrounded by very many fish shoals, partly also large attained full growth, which are from time to time fed of the diver. Currents: strongly with mistral and sciroccowind.
Water temperatures: 10 to 15 degrees.
We go far toward Teulada to Punta Zafferano (Capo Teulada), where in 25 meters depth the DINO is situated. An Italian ship, which in the year 1973 during a storm sank. She had loaded tone. It is on sandy sea-ground easily bent to the side. One can dive into different areas of the ship and finds also tracks of articles of equipment. The ship had very long masts, which were shortened later by NATO, because in this area NATO exercises take place. If one dives into the trunk, one sees numerous sea inhabitants, among other things the sea turtle "Caretta caretta ", which probably reproduces itself at the beach of "Porto Zafferano". Some information to the diving course: In this zone the admission and navigation with watervehicels is militarily forbidden. In the summer only in the months July and August are free for tourists. Before each diveing however the Capitaneria (coast guard) is to be informed, in order to get a permission. It excludes annoyance with the authorities and the military in any case.
place: Capo Teulada Porto Zafferano
wreck: Italian cargo ship with tone load, sunk 1973 during a strong storm. In upright position easily bent to the side on sandy seaground
depth: 25 meters
water temperature: 10 to 15 degrees
currents: strongly with Libeccio wind
diving: very good status of the wreck, much fish for our underwater photographers inside the interior.
Source & fotos:
Efisio Pinna, Cagliari, Campione Italiano fotografie subacquee (National champion of the Italian diving photography)